Multi-Paradigm Conflict Analysis Part 3

Posted on May 18, 2012

A common source of reference is emerging in my study of multi-paradigm conflict analysis: Lederach and Dugan. In Tom Woodhouse and Oliver Ramsbotham’s, Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution, the chapter on “Theoretical Frameworks” discusses an integrated model for peace building based off of John Paul Lederach research. While not squarely meeting the intent of the question at hand, this framework does help bin the theoretical foundation I intend to prepare.


Lederach uses protracted social conflict as an approach to his framework as he believes international relations methodologies of conflict management falls short. His framework first analyzes actors at different leadership levels creating a pyramid where grassroots represent the base where the middle range leadership of the pyramid holds the potential for reconciliation.


He continues to reference Maire Dugan’s concept of nested paradigm which analyzes problems in the context of local conditions nested within a subsystem and a larger system. Using Dugan’s model one could develop strategies for peace building accounting for the systems level of problems. With Dugan’s model in hand, Lederach links the actors in the levels of his pyramid to the appropriate subsystem.


What this subchapter may suggest is that perhaps there may be no multi-paradigm conflict analysis framework that utilizes international relations theories as this body of research does not believe they adequately describe the sources of conflict. I will have to take up this line of research to affirm.


Tom Woodhouse and Oliver Ramsbotham (editors).  Peacekeeping and conflict resolution. Portland, OR. Cass, 2000.  Pg 204-205.